Monday, October 24, 2011

Scribe Post 10/24

Today in Class:
talked about scribe posts
Finished notes on immune system


  • work on disease project-due Monday

  • read spice lab UP 39-45 and finish procedure on Google Docs

  • Worksheet on Bubonic Plague UP 35-35? (It says on the calendar, but I'm not sure)

Scribe Post:
· New requirements:
· One picture on each post (at least)
· need to comment on three separate posts-constructive criticism or explanations
· not just “this is good”
Started on Lymphocytes slide “recognizing the Invaders”
Lymphocytes=white blood cells
-produce immune response
-make B cells and T cells
B Cells
-humoral immunity
-mature in bone marrow
-defend against viruses and bacteria present in body fluids
-secrete antibodies
-molecular weapons of defense
-shaped like Y to join to antigen
-Two Jobs: Recognize and bind to certain antigen, Counter antigen’s effect
-main job is to mark invaders

T Cells
-go to thymus
-cell mediated immunity: fights viruses/ bacteria in body cells already infected
Helper T cells
-Encounter white blood cell that has injested microbe and has displayed the foreign antigen on its surface
-Receptors on helper T cell bind to the white blood cell at this site
-The binding activates T cell to:
Grow, divide, multiply
Stimulate cytotoxic T cells
Cytotoxic T Cells
-Identify infected cells
-bind to infected cell
-secrete Perforin (a protein) that creates a hole in the cell’s membrane
-other T cell proteins enter the cell and cause the cell to die

-immune system has a great memory
-remembers antigens we have already encountered: destroys virus before symptoms occur

Active Immunity
-requires work from body
-body produces antibodies as defense
-by having disease or vaccination
Vaccine: Weakened variant of disease-causing microbe or one of its components
-the body recognizes the invader and creates antibodies so it is recognized on reoccurance

Passive Immunity
-no work in body
- injected (shot) of antibodies
-through mother’s bloodstream
IMPORTANT: needs boosters because the body still does not know how to make these antibodies

Primary Immune Response:
-first exposure of lymphocytes to an antigen
-takes several days to produce antibodies
-memory cells then produced to ‘remember’ antigen
-located in lymph nodes

Secondary Immune Response:
-when same antigen is encountered
-memory cells rapidly multiply to produce lymphocytes
-they produce antibodies
-faster and more effective: usually symptom free
-already has “recipe” for antibodies
Immune Disorders
-happens when immune system malfunctions
-Allergies: abnormal sensitivity to antigens in environment
-auto immune disorders: immune system turns against body’s own molecules
-immune deficiency diseases: when body lacks one or more components of immune system

-Develop in 2 stages
1. First exposure to allergen
2. Subsequent exposures to same allergen produce allergy symptoms
-allergen enters blood stream
-B cells make anti bodies
-antibodies attach to mast cell
-allergen binds to antibodies on mast cell
-histamine is released causing allergy symptoms

Autoimmune diseases
-Rheumatoid arthritis
-Juvenile Diabetes
-Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

-organ needs to match host’s cells as close as possible
-take amino suppressants to help decrease possible rejection
-this weakens the immune system so the people cannot be exposed to any illnesses

Immunodeficiency Diseases
-faulty immune system
-Hodgkin Disease

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
-HIV attacks helper T cells (cells that activate B cells)
-Causes weak immune system so that the cause of death is usually a simple illness not HIV

· Look At UP 49-55 for additional info- good for studying
· Study!!!! Test Friday!

Next Scribe ***Will***


  1. Alexis,
    I thought the diagram you used to help describe antibodies was very helpful. It allowed me to look at the relationship between antibodies and B cells and T cells in a new way than the notes did.
    However, I think that your post could have been more effective if you had explained what autoimmune diseases are before you listed examples of them. Just a thought. To fellow readers who forgot what autoimmune diseases are, autoimmune disease is the result of when the immune system turns against the body's own molecules.

  2. Hey Alexis, I think you did a really great job with this. Yet I think you could have gone a lot more depth into HIV/AIDS, such as details of how it reproduces and other deatials we covered at the beginning of the unit.

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  4. Alexis,
    I really liked how you used color and diagrams. It helped me understand everything better. But I think you should've explained more about how each autoimmune disease attacks the body.

  5. Thanks for your comments guys! All of you said I should go in more depth about auto immune diseases and I looked back and my post and saw there was practically nothing on that! So thank you.. and thanks Sophia for saying what they are. Jeremy, there was another post I think which had other stuff about AIDS and I put all the stuff we talked about in class, but thank you for your suggestion. Thanks so much guys :D